Mold Information

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Mold Basics

Mold is a type of fungi which is normally found in moist areas such as basements and bathrooms and can sometimes cultivate inside building structures. The difficulty with the presence of mold in buildings is the inhalation of mycotoxins.

Mold will feed on materials such as wood, cardboard, the paper facing on both sides of drywall, and carpet.

There are over 100,000 different types of molds that can enter your home on clothing, shoes, and bags, or through open windows or air conditioning systems.

Mold travels through the air as spores breeding in wet areas. If mold is spotted, it’s best to deal with it at once so it does not multiply to other areas. It is also a good indication of a moisture problem which should be addressed.


Etymology: Middle English mowlde, perhaps alteration of mowle, from moulen to grow moldy, of Scandinavian origin; akin to Old Danish mul mold

1: a superficial often woolly growth produced especially on damp or decaying organic matter or on living organisms by a fungus (as of the order Mucorales)
2: a fungus that produces mold.

– Merriam-Webster dictionary

Did you know: Under ideal situations mold spores can start to multiply every 20 minutes?

What is mold?
Molds are very simple microorganisms found virtually everywhere indoors and out. Molds are among the most widespread living organisms in the world.
Mold is a type of fungi and is found growing in moist areas.

Signs of a mold problem
Signs of mold problems are discoloration of indoor surfaces, dark spots, or patches and pay close attention tochanges in your health. Not always can you see mold. Mold does not need light to grow. Thus, it will grow wherever the opportunity presents itself (in wall cavities, in dark attics or even under your carpet). Musty odours are a sign that unwanted organisms are growing in your building and need to be found and destroyed.

Is mold harmful?
Yes. There is no way to know exactly how each person will react to mold. A normally healthy person may appear unaffected in a mold infested home, while another may become ill. Molds can have significant adverse health effects. These health effects can be categorized into three

groups (Allergic response, sensitization, and toxic response). Asthma, Dermatitis, Legionella are diseases related to mycotoxins (mold).

What causes mold to grow?
There are three conditions that must be met to sustain mold growth.

    1. Water (flood, plumbing pipe burst, wind driven rain, seepage, humidity
    2. Temperature (if the temperature is too low mold will not grow)
    3. Food (wood, paper, natural & synthetic fibers, etc.)

How long does it take to set in?

Because mold spores are everywhere it is most important to control humidity and water intrusion in a building structure.
Within 48 hours of ideal conditions mold can proliferate (grow at a rapid speed).

Can I use bleach to kill mold?

The active ingredient in bleach is sodium hypochlorite. This will kill mold on non-porous surfaces like porcelain, tile, plastic or glass. But sodium hypochlorite does not penetrate into porous building materials like wood or sheetrock. This leaves the roots of mold growth to grow again when moisture is present. These materials must either be removed or treated with a fungicide.

What can Biosweep of Alabama do for you?

    • Inspect your home or building for micro-organisms
    • Test for Indoor Air Quality
    • Determine the cause of moisture intrusion
    • Contain mold as necessary to protect occupants
    • Remove building materials as necessary to eliminate mold
    • Protect building from further mold infestations
    • Guarantee our workmanship

What happens if I have mold?

    1. First thing you want to do is call Biosweep of Alabama
    2. Biosweep of Alabama will then investigate the cause of mold growth
    3. Determine the best approach for remediation
    4. Contain the mold
    5. Begin remediation
    6. Protect from further infestations

A visual examination is the most dependable means to identify mold. The most common signs of mold are dark spots, stains or patches. Be sure to look at ceiling tiles, walls, floors, window sills, carpet, and furniture. Pay close attention to any area with “standing water” such as a leaky sink, or air conditioners.

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